Felodipine, a new vasodilating drug: Blood pressure, cardiac, renal, and humoral effects in hypertensive patients

G. Leonetti, R. Gradnik, L. Terzoli, M. Fruscio, L. Rupoli, A. Zanchetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We studied the antihypertensive action of felodipine, a new dihydropyridine vasodilator interfering with intracellular calcium mechanisms, in 11 patients with essential hypertension whose supine blood pressure averaged 181/109 mm Hg after 5 days of placebo administration. Felodipine, 12.5 mg t.i.d., for 3 days, caused a marked reduction (-39/- 19 mm Hg) of supine systolic and diastolic pressures. Doses of 25 and 50 mg t.i.d., for three consecutive days, caused only a slight further reduction of blood pressure. At the highest dose tested all patients had their supine blood pressure brought down to values below 150 mm Hg systolic and 90 mm Hg diastolic at all six daily measurements. The antihypertensive effect was of the same magnitude when the patients lay supine or stood upright. Lowering of blood pressure was accompanied by tachycardia, which was quite moderate after the 12.5 mg t.i.d. dose, but more conspicuous with the two higher doses. There was some increase in plasma renin activity and in plasma aldosterone. A significant decrease in renal sodium and water excretion occurred only during administration of the highest dose of 50 mg t.i.d., when reduction in blood pressure was pronounced and there were reflex increases in plasma renin activity and plasma aldosterone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)392-398
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1984

Keywords

  • Antihypertensive effect
  • Felodipine
  • Humoral and renal changes
  • Tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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