Female gender and contrast-induced nephropathy in primary percutaneous intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Stefano Lucreziotti, Marco Centola, Diego Salerno-Uriarte, Giorgio Ponticelli, Pier Maria Battezzati, Diego Castini, Carlo Sponzilli, Federico Lombardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background Patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are at high risk for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), a complication that has been demonstrated to negatively affect outcomes. It has been suggested that, when compared to males, female patients present higher incidence of CIN and higher mortality after primary PCI. However, the specific role of gender in this setting remains ill-defined given its complex interplay with several co-morbidities and clinical characteristics. We investigated the relationship of patients' variables, including gender, with CIN and mortality after primary PCI. Methods In a single center study in 323 consecutive patients undergoing primary PCI, the development of CIN and mortality during an 18-month median follow-up period was assessed. CIN was defined as an increase in serum creatinine (≥ 25% or ≥ 0.5 mg/dl) from baseline occurring at any time during the first 3 post-procedural days. Results CIN occurred in 23 female and 26 male patients (25.0% vs 11.2%, p = 0.003), while cumulative mortality was 10.6%. Women presented unfavorable basal characteristics and underwent myocardial reperfusion less quickly. At multivariable analysis, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (odds ratio [OR] 7.32 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.60-21, p <0.001) and female gender (OR 2.49 95%CI 1.22-5.07, p = 0.01) predicted CIN, whereas the occurrence of CIN (hazard ratio [HR] 3.65 95%CI 1.55-8.59, p = 0.003) and a Mehran risk score (MRS) ≥ 6 (HR 1.76 95%CI 1.13-2.74, p = 0.01) independently predicted long-term mortality. Conclusions After primary PCI, female gender and LVEF are associated with an increased risk of CIN, whereas MRS and development of CIN predict long-term mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2014


  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Contrast-induced nephropathy
  • Coronary angioplasty
  • Female gender
  • Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Medicine(all)


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