The optimal cannulation site in repair of DeBakey type I aortic dissection is controversial, and malperfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass is facilitated by retrograde flow. We propose the use of a long arterial cannula through the femoral artery to achieve a proximal antegrade perfusion. The tip of the cannula is placed in the true lumen of the distal aortic arch through the common femoral artery (Seldinger technique and transesophageal echography guidance). In 9 patients, there was one case of operative mortality (cardiac death), and no cases of perioperative stroke, bowel ischemia, severe renal failure, or local complications. Proximal perfusion can achieved rapidly and through an easily accessible site.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine