Fertility-enhancing hysteroscopic surgery

Stefano Bettocchi, Maria Teresa Achilarre, Oronzo Ceci, Selvaggi Luigi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Uterine abnormalities, including congenital pathologies, polyps, submucous leiomyomata, intrauterine adhesions, and chronic endometritis, have been reported in 21 to 47% of patients undergoing in vitro fertilization cycles. The position of hysteroscopy in current fertility practice is under debate. Although there are many randomized controlled trials on technical feasibility and patient compliance demonstrating that the procedure is well tolerated and effective in the treatment of intrauterine pathologies, there is no consensus on the effectiveness of hysteroscopic surgery in improving the prognosis of subfertile women. However, in patients with at least two failed cycles of assisted reproductive technology, diagnostic hysteroscopy and, if necessary, operative hysteroscopy is mandatory to improve reproductive outcome. Office hysteroscopy is a powerful tool for the diagnosis and treatment of intrauterine benign pathologies. It is a simple, safe, reproducible, effective, quick, well-tolerated, and low-cost surgical procedure, with no need for an operating room.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in Reproductive Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Fertility
  • hysteroscopic surgery
  • intrauterine pathologies
  • office hysteroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Reproductive Medicine


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