Fetal growth and infant neurodevelopmental outcome after preterm premature rupture of membranes

Arsenio Spinillo, Laura Montanari, Patrizia Sanpaolo, Carola Bergante, Alberto Chiara, Elisa Fazzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prognostic values of fetal size before birth and fetal growth during the latency period in patients with preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PROM). METHODS: A prospective cohort study of 69 singleton pregnancies complicated by prolonged (14 days or more) PROM (24 to 31 weeks of gestation). Measures of fetal size and growth were compared with corresponding expected values from our reference curves. The correlations between deviations from expected measures of fetal size and growth, short-term neonatal complications, and infant neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years were studied by univariate methods and logistic regression. RESULTS: The mean gestational ages and standard deviations at membrane rupture and at birth were 27.9 ± 2.4 and 31.5 ± 2.1 weeks. At a corrected age of 2 years, of the 65 (94.2%) survivors, 3 infants (4.6%) had cerebral palsy, 13 (20%) had minor neurodevelopmental impairment, and 49 (75.4%) were judged to have had normal development. Compared with surviving infants without a major handicap, the group of infants who died and those with cerebral palsy had lower proportions of expected birth weight (0.766 ± 0.1 as compared with 0.859 ± 0.13, P = .029), head (0.869 ± 0.07 as compared with 0.950 ± 0.07, P = .05), and abdominal (0.793 ± 0.04 as compared with 0.888 ± 0.1, P = .001) circumference growth during latency period. In logistic regression analysis, lower-than-expected ultrasound measures of fetal abdominal circumference before birth (odds ratio 1.09; 95% confidence interval 1.01, 1.18) or of abdominal circumference growth during the latency period (odds ratio 1.1; 95% confidence interval 1.01, 1.2) were significantly associated with an increased likelihood of an infant neurodevelopmental abnormality at 2-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: In pregnancies complicated by preterm PROM, lower-than-expected measures of fetal size and fetal growth were associated with an increased rate of infant neurodevelopmental outcome at 2-year follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1286-1293
Number of pages8
JournalObstetrics and Gynecology
Volume103
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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