This paper reports on human hepatocytes cultured in a galactosylated membrane bioreactor in order to explore the modulation of the effects of a pro-inflammatory cytokine, Interleukin-6 (IL-6) on the liver cells at molecular level. In particular the role of IL-6 on gene expression and production of a glycoprotein, fetuin-A produced by hepatocytes, was investigated by culturing hepatocytes in the membrane bioreactor, both in the absence and presence of IL-6 (300 pg/ml). IL-6 modulated the fetuin-A gene expression, synthesis and release by primary human hepatocytes cultured in the bioreactor. A 75% IL-6-induced reduction of fetuin-A concentration in the medium was associated with a 60% increase of C-reactive protein in the same samples. Real-time-PCR demonstrated an 8-fold IL-6-induced reduction of fetuin-A gene expression. These results demonstrate that the hepatocyte galactosylated membrane bioreactor is a valuable tool to study IL-6 effects and gave evidence, for the first time, that IL-6 down-regulates the gene expression and synthesis of fetuin-A by primary human hepatocytes. The human hepatocyte bioreactor behaves like the in vivo liver, reproducing the same hepatic acute-phase response that occurs during the inflammatory process.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2007|
- Galactosylated membrane
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering