The risk for lethal ventricular arrhythmias is increased in individuals who carry mutations in genes that encode cardiac ion channels. Loss-of-function mutations in SCN5A, the gene encoding the cardiac sodium channel, are linked to Brugada syndrome (BrS). Arrhythmias in BrS are often preceded by coved-type ST-segment elevation in the right-precordial leads V1 and V2. Loss-of-function mutations in KCNH2, the gene encoding the cardiac ion channel that is responsible for the rapidly activating delayed rectifying potassium current, are linked to long-QT syndrome type 2 (LQT-2). LQT-2 is characterised by delayed cardiac repolarisation and rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation. Here, we report that the risk for ventricular arrhythmias in BrS and LQT-2 is further increased during fever. Moreover, we demonstrate that fever may aggravate coved-type ST-segment elevation in BrS, and cause QTc lengthening in LQT-2. Finally, we describe molecular mechanisms that may underlie the proarrhythmic effects of fever in BrS and LQT-2.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Netherlands Heart Journal|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2010|
- Brugada syndrome
- Long QT syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine