Fibrinogen Brescia: Hepatic endoplasmic reticulum storage and hypofibrinogenemia because of a γ284 Gly→Arg mutation

S. O. Brennan, J. Wyatt, D. Medicina, F. Callea, P. M. George

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The proposita suffered from fiver cirrhosis and biopsy showed type 1 membrane-bound fiberglass inclusions. The hepatic inclusion bodies were weakly periodic acid-Schiff diastase-positive, and on immunoperoxidase staining reacted specifically with anti-fibrinogen antisera. Coagulation investigations revealed low functional and antigenic fibrinogen together with a prolonged thrombin time of 37 seconds (normal, 17 to 22 seconds) suggestive of a hypodysfibrinogenemia. DNA sequencing of all three fibrinogen genes showed a single heterozygous mutation of GGG (Gly)→CGG (Arg) at codon 284 of the γ-chain gene. However, examination of purified fibrinogen chains by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, ion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography, and isoelectric focusing, failed to show any evidence of the mutant γ(Br) chain in plasma fibrinogen. This finding was substantiated by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, which showed only a normal γ (and Bβ) chain mass, but a large increase in the portion of their disialo isoforms. We speculate that misfolding of the variant protein causes hepatic retention and the subsequent hypofibrinogenemia, and that the functional defect (dysfibrinogenemia) results from hypersialylation of otherwise normal Bβ and γ chains consequent to the liver cirrhosis. These conclusions were supported by studies on six other family members with hypofibrinogenemia, and essentially normal clotting times, who were heterozygous for the γ284 Gly→Arg mutation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-196
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume157
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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