Fibrinogen kinetics and protein turnover in obese non-diabetic males: Effects of insulin

P. Tessari, A. Cosma, M. Vettore, R. Millioni, L. Puricelli, P. Cogo, D. Cecchet, V. Carnielli, E. Kiwanuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Although hyperfibrinogenemia and insulin resistance are common in obesity and diabetes mellitus, the impact of obesity per se on fibrinogen turnover and the insulin effects on fibrinogen and protein kinetics is unknown. Methods: We measured fibrinogen and albumin fractional (FSR) and absolute (ASR) synthesis rates, as well as protein turnover, in non-diabetic, obese and in control male subjects both before and following an euglycemic, euaminoacidemic, hyperinsulinemic clamp, using L-[2H3]-Leucine isotope infusion. Results: In the obese, basal fibrinogen concentrations was ≈25% greater (p <0.035), and fibrinogen pool ≈45% greater (p <0.005), than in controls. Both FSR and ASR of fibrinogen were similar to control values. With hyperinsulinemia, although fibrinogen FSR and ASR were not significantly modified with respect to baseline in either group, fibrinogen ASR resulted to be ≈50% greater in the obese than in controls (p <0.015). Hyperinsulinemia equally stimulated albumin synthesis and suppressed leucine appearance from endogenous proteolysis in both groups. Amino acid clearance was also similar. In the obese, the insulin-mediated glucose disposal was ≈50% lower (p <0.03) than in controls, and it was inversely correlated with fibrinogen ASR during the clamp in both groups (r = -0.58). Conclusions: In obese, non-diabetic males, post absorptive fibrinogen production is normal. Whole-body amino acid disposal, basal and insulinresponsive protein degradation, and albumin synthesis are also normal. However, the greater fibrinogen ASR in the obese with hyperinsulinemia, and the inverse relationship between insulin sensitivity and clamp fibrinogen production, suggest a role for hyperinsulinemia and/or insulin resistance on fibrinogen production in obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-58
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Amino acid clearance
  • Euglycemic clamp
  • Fibrinogen FSR and ASR
  • Insulin sensitivity
  • Leucine
  • Stable isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Internal Medicine

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