Fibrinogen plasma levels as a marker of thrombin activation: New insights on the role of fibrinogen as a cardiovascular risk factor

A. Ceriello, M. Pirisi, R. Giacomello, G. Stel, E. Falleti, E. Motz, S. Lizzio, F. Gonano, E. Bartoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fibrinogen has recently emerged as a major risk factor for atherothrombosis. However, the pathophysiologic mechanism linking high fibrinogen concentration to cardiovascular disease is unclear. In this study 136 subjects (75 males, 61 females, age 51.7 ± 14.4 years, mean ± standard deviation, range 17-82) were tested for total and HDL-cholesterol, total triglycerides, apolipoprotein AI, apolipoprotein B, fibrinogen, prothrombin fragment and D-dimer. Moreover, 5 subjects who had hyperfibrinogenemia (range 450 to 950 mg/dl) for at least 6 months by repeated measurements, were treated with a short 7-day course of heparin 12,500 U/day subcutaneously. The effect of heparin on all the above mentioned parameters was observed at the end of treatment and after 7 days of wash-out. Simple regression analysis detected a positive correlation between fibrinogen and age, prothrombin fragment and D-dimer, and a negative correlation between fibrinogen and HDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein AI. A direct correlation between age and both prothrombin fragment and D-dimer was also demonstrated. Multivariate analysis showed a persistent correlation between fibrinogen and prothrombin fragment, D-dimer and age, that was not influenced by sex, smoking habit and body mass index. In the 5 hyperfibrinogenemic subjects, heparin administration significantly reduced fibrinogen (625.4 ± 211.1 vs 455.2 ± 112.3 mg/dl, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-595
Number of pages3
JournalThrombosis and Haemostasis
Volume71
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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