The angiogenic basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) interacts with tyrosine kinase receptors (FGFRs) and heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs) in endothelial cells. Here, we report the FGF2 antagonist and antiangiogenic activity of novel sulfated derivatives of the Escherichia coli K5 polysaccharide. K5 polysaccharide was chemically sulfated in N- and/or O-position after N-deacetylation. O-Sulfated and N,O-sulfated K5 derivatives with a low degree and a high degree of sulfation compete with heparin for binding to 125I-FGF2 with different potency. Accordingly, they abrogate the formation of the HSPG-FGF2-FGFR ternary complex, as evidenced by their capacity to prevent FGF2-mediated cell-cell attachment of FGFR1-overexpressing HSPG-deficient Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells to wildtype CHO cells. They also inhibited 125I-FGF2 binding to FGFR1-overexpressing HSPG-bearing CHO cells and adult bovine aortic endothelial cells. K5 derivatives also inhibited FGF2-mediated cell proliferation in endothelial GM 7373 cells and in human umbilical vein endothelial (HUVE) cells. In all these assays, the N-sulfated K5 derivative and unmodified K5 were poorly effective. Also, highly O-sulfated and N,O-sulfated K5 derivatives prevented the sprouting of FGF2-transfected endothelial FGF2-T-MAE cells in fibrin gel and spontaneous angiogenesis in vitro on Matrigel of FGF2-T-MAE and HUVE cells. Finally, the highly N,O-sulfated K5 derivative exerted a potent antiangiogenic activity on the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane. These data demonstrate the possibility of generating FGF2 antagonists endowed with antiangiogenic activity by specific chemical sulfation of bacterial K5 polysaccharide. In particular, the highly N,O-sulfated K5 derivative may provide the basis for the design of novel angiostatic compounds.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 12 2001|
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