Fibular nerve damage in knee dislocation: Spectrum of ultrasound patterns

Daniele Coraci, Hiroshi Tsukamoto, Giuseppe Granata, Chiara Briani, Valter Santilli, Luca Padua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: At least 25% of knee dislocations are associated with common fibular nerve injury. Diagnosis is usually based on clinical and neurophysiological findings. We assessed the role of nerve ultrasound in common fibular nerve injury. Methods: Eight consecutive patients (6 men and 2 women, mean age 34 years) with knee luxation referred to our laboratory underwent clinical, neurophysiological, and ultrasound examination. Results: In all patients we observed a similar pattern: severe weakness (plegia or severe paresis); neurophysiological involvement of both fibular nerve branches; and ultrasound evidence of increased fibular nerve area with hypoechogenicity. On follow-up evaluation, 6 patients remained stable, and 2 patients improved. The greater the ultrasound fibular nerve enlargement, the worse the recovery. Conclusions: Nerve ultrasound was confirmed to be a useful diagnostic/prognostic tool in traumatic nerve lesions. A prompt ultrasound examination of the fibular nerve should be considered after any case of knee dislocation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)859-863
Number of pages5
JournalMuscle and Nerve
Volume51
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Fibular nerve
  • Knee dislocation
  • Peripheral nerve trauma
  • Rehabilitation
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Medicine(all)

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