Introduction. Cognitive psychology research in the past few decades has lead to important knowledge that can be used in general practice, particularly with regards to cognitive biases in diagnosis and treatment. Objective. This study was aimed to assess general practitioners' level of knowledge on these biases, their competence in using this knowledge in the diagnostic process, and their interest in training courses on medical errors. Methods. For this observational study we distributed a questionnaire to a sample of 100 Italian general practitioners who work for the National Health Service. Data were collected between June and October 2014. Results. The data show that 67% of the physicians are not aware of research in this sector and use experience, common sense, and intuition when assessing a clinical case: the large majority does not apply a method including a systematic re-evaluation of the decisions taken. Systematic analysis of one's errors is considered an important part of training by 99% of those interviewed and 87% admit to doing this mainly on their own or with other colleagues. Very few doctors take part in audit meetings, which are one of the best training means in this context. Conclusions. The study confirms the importance of this knowledge on cognitive psychology for Italian general practitioners and the necessity, for those providing training and refresher courses, to take into consideration these important recent acquisitions.
|Translated title of the contribution||Field research cognitive bias as a cause of failure in general practice: A survey of one hundred physicians|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Ricerca e Pratica|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 1 2015|
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