Final results of the European Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma Sorafenib (EU-ARCCS) expanded-access study: A large open-label study in diverse community settings

J. Beck, G. Procopio, E. Bajetta, U. Keilholz, S. Negrier, C. Szczylik, C. Bokemeyer, S. Bracarda, D. J. Richel, M. Staehler, U. P. Strauss, S. Mersmann, K. Burock, B. Escudier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The European Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma Sorafenib (EU-ARCCS) expanded-access study provided sorafenib to advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients in whom previous systemic therapy had failed. The study assessed the safety and use of sorafenib for the treatment of advanced RCC in a large community-based patient population across 11 countries in Europe. Patients and methods: EU-ARCCS was a single-arm, open-label trial of sorafenib in advanced RCC patients. End points included safety, time to progression, progression-free survival (PFS), and disease control rate (DCR). Subgroup analyses included age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, histology, prior therapy, and number and sites of metastases. Results: About 1159 advanced RCC patients were enrolled. Most patients (94%) experienced drug-related adverse events (AEs) of any grade, with the most common grade ≥3 AEs including hand-foot skin reaction (13%), diarrhea (7%), fatigue (7%), hypertension (6%), and rash/desquamation (5%). The incidence of AEs in the subgroups was similar to that in the overall population. Median PFS was 6.6 months; DCR at ≥8 and ≥12 weeks was 85% and 78%, respectively. Conclusions: The sorafenib safety profile in European community-based practice settings was similar to that reported in clinical trials. The heterogeneous advanced RCC patient population in EU-ARCCS permitted assessment of sorafenib in important subpopulations of advanced RCC patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1812-1823
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • Expanded access trials
  • Protein kinase inhibitors
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Sorafenib
  • Tolerability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Hematology

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    Beck, J., Procopio, G., Bajetta, E., Keilholz, U., Negrier, S., Szczylik, C., Bokemeyer, C., Bracarda, S., Richel, D. J., Staehler, M., Strauss, U. P., Mersmann, S., Burock, K., & Escudier, B. (2011). Final results of the European Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma Sorafenib (EU-ARCCS) expanded-access study: A large open-label study in diverse community settings. Annals of Oncology, 22(8), 1812-1823. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdq651