INTRODUCTION: Hyperbilirubinemia may have deleterious effects on many organs, even after the neonatal age. Blood purification is effective in the treatment of hyperbilirubinemia. Recently some reports suggest the potential role of hemoadsorption columns in this setting.
METHODS: We present the case of a 6-year-old child with severe hyperbilirubinemia due to congestive liver dysfunction, complicated by persistent inflammation, immunosuppression and catabolism syndrome (PICS). The patient was treated with a hemoadsorption column (Lixelle®) in combination with continuous veno-venous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF).
RESULTS: During treatment, a significant and rapid decrease in total bilirubin (TB) and other indices of cholestasis was observed. Furthermore, a progressive reduction in the inflammatory biomarkers (Procalcitonin, C-reactive protein) occurred. These results persisted at the discontinuation of therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge this is the first case in which hemoadsorption with the Lixelle® adsorbing column in combination with CVVHDF has been used to manage pediatric hyperbiliribinemia secondary to cardiogenic liver injury.
- Journal Article