Between August 1982 and October 1986, the feasibility and activity of five cycles of intraperitoneal (i.p.) cisplatin (CDDP) (90 mg/m2 in 6 h dwelling) and i.v. cyclophosphamide (600 mg/m2) were studied in 24 previously untreated patients with ovarian carcinoma having small or no residual disease after cytoreductive surgery. Six patients (25%) had local complications requiring catheter removal before the end of therapy. Fifteen of the 21 patients (71%) evaluable for activity achieved or maintained a pathologic complete remission. The median disease-free survival was 29+ months (range 18-58+ months). Three patients with tumor progression (two patients previously without evidence of disease, and one patient with minimal residual disease), and three partial responders were documented by laparotomy at the end of therapy. Two patients who achieved pathologic complete response relapsed at 20 and 36 months. All treatment failures (eight cases, 38%) occurred in the peritoneal cavity. Since patients were selected for having the most favorable tumor characteristics to benefit from i.p. treatment, our findings may cast some doubt on the actual contribution of i.p. CDDP at a dose of 90 mg/m2 in the treatment of patients with ovarian carcinoma and small residual disease in peritoneal cavity.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials|
|Publication status||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research