First-line cisplatin with docetaxel or vinorelbine in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: A quality of life directed phase II randomized trial of Gruppo Oncologico Italia Meridionale

Vittorio Gebbia, Vito Lorusso, Domenico Galetta, Michele Caruso M, Giuseppe Palomba, Fernando Riccardi, Nicolò Borsellino, Francesco Carrozza, Silvana Leo, Francesco Ferra, Saverio Cinieri, Gianfranco Mancuso, Sergio Mancarella, Giuseppe Colucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Quality of life (QoL) has gained greater importance in the management of metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer due to the palliative nature of treatment. Docetaxel (DCT) and cisplatin (CDDP) doublet has been reported to be associated to a better QoL than the weekly vinorelbine (VNR) and CDDP regimen. Recently a newer more tolerated schedule of the VNR/CDDP regimen has been published and is widely employed in medical practice. The impact of these regimens on patients' QoL as well as symptoms control and type and grading chemo-related side-effects has been compared prospectically. Methods: Patients received CDDP 75mg/m2 plus DCT 75mg/m2 on day 1 every weeks (arm A) or CDDP 80mg/m2 on day 1 plus VNR 30mg/m2 day 1 and 8 every 3 weeks (arm B). G-CSF and/or EPO were employed as needed. Health-related QoL was assessed at entry and after every cycle by the EORTC-QLQ-C30 and LC13 questionnaires, toxicity by the NCI-NCCN CTC vs 2, and intent-to-treat objective response by the Recist criteria. Results: The QoL questionnaires were completed by 37 pts (88%) in the DCT/CDDP arm and 39 pts (87%) in the VNR/CDDP one. Baseline mean scores and rates at which pts failed to complete QoL assessment were similar in the two arms. Global health status of the EORTC QLQ-C30 scale and specific symptoms control (LC13 module) improved during treatment without any statistically significant difference between the two arms. Emotional functioning remained stable in both groups during treatment, whereas physical and role improved slightly. In the DCT/CDDP arm 14 pts (33%; 95%CL 24-40%) had PR, and 10 (24%) SD for a 57% TGCR. In the VNR/CDDP arm 12 pts (27%) achieved PR, 18 (41%) SD a 68% TGCR. Differences were not statistically significant. Median time-to-progression was 4.2 months in the DCT/CDDP arm and 4.5 months in the VNR/CDDP one, and median overall survival was 12.1 (range 1-26+ months) and 12.5 months (range 1-28+ months) for DCT/CDDP and VNR/CDDP arms, respectively. Febrile neutropenia rate was higher in the VNR/CDDP arm (p=0.02) as well as G3-4 anemia (p=0.005) and G-CSF/EPO use (p=0.019). Conclusions: Global and specific health-related QoL data similar in both treatment groups with no statistically significant difference. Efficacy measures, overall response rate, time-to-progression and overall survival were equivalent in both arms. However, severe anemia and febrile neutropenia are statistically more frequent in the VNR/CDDP arm than in the DCT/CDDP one. These data should be considered in treatment decision-making for pts with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer and for the design of future trials with chemotherapy plus biologics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)218-224
Number of pages7
JournalLung Cancer
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Docetaxel
  • Non-small-cell lung cancer
  • Quality of life
  • Vinorelbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cancer Research

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