First Report of Low-Rate Mosaicism for 20q11.21q12 Deletion and Delineation of the Associated Disorder

Sara Loddo, Viola Alesi, Silvia Genovese, Valeria Orlando, Chiara Calacci, Fabrizia Restaldi, Daniele Pompili, Maria T Liambo, Maria C Digilio, Bruno Dallapiccola, Maria L Dentici, Antonio Novelli

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Abstract

Interstitial deletions of the long arm of chromosome 20 are very rare, with only 12 reported patients harboring the 20q11.2 microdeletion and presenting a disorder characterized by psychomotor and growth delay, dysmorphisms, and brachy-/clinodactyly. We describe the first case of mosaic 20q11.2 deletion in a 5-year-old girl affected by mild psychomotor delay, feeding difficulties, growth retardation, craniofacial dysmorphisms, and finger anomalies. SNP array analysis disclosed 20% of cells with a 20q11.21q12 deletion, encompassing the 20q11.2 minimal critical region and the 3 OMIM disease-causing genes GDF5, EPB41L1, and SAMHD1. We propose a pathogenic role of other genes mapping outside the small region of overlap, in particular GHRH (growth hormone releasing hormone), whose haploinsufficiency could be responsible for the prenatal onset of growth retardation which is shared by half of these patients. Our patient highlights the utility of chromosomal microarray analysis to identify low-level mosaicism.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCytogenetic and Genome Research
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Oct 30 2018

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