We describe the case of a 15-year-old girl with multiple congenital anomalies, dysmorphic features, severe kyphoscoliosis, growth and mental retardation, and the absence of speech, in whom 35% of the cells carried a supernumerary ring chromosome 1. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis using YAC/BAC clones spanning the region from 1p13 to 1q21 made it possible to determine the genomic content and structure of the ring(1), which was found to consist of the cytogenetic bands 1q21-22. A complex structure was delineated in the ring chromosome with a partial inverted duplication delimited by markers WI-7732 and WI-607, with WI-7396 and WI-8386 being the boundaries of the single copy segment. Comparison of the clinical signs of other patients with mosaic r(1) reported in the literature allowed the identification of a patient sharing a number of clinical signs including cataracts. Given that mutations of the GJA8 gene encoding connexin 50 (Cx50) and mapping to 1q21 have been associated with the presence of cataracts, it is possible that a gain in copy number or a rearrangement of GJA8 may contribute to cataractogenesis.
- 1q21-22 inverted duplication
- FISH characterization
- Genotype-phenotype correlation
- Ring chromosome 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas