Fish consumption in mid-childhood and its relationship to neuropsychological outcomes measured in 7–9 year old children using a NUTRIMENTHE neuropsychological battery

M. Gispert-Llaurado, Miguel Perez-Garcia, J. Escribano, R. Closa-Monasterolo, V. Luque, V. Grote, M. Weber, F. J. Torres-Espínola, J. Czech-Kowalska, E. Verduci, F. Martin, M. J. Piqueras, B. Koletzko, T. Decsi, Cristina Campoy, P. M. Emmett, Philippe Goyens, Clotilde Carlier, Joana Hoyos, Pascale PonceletElena Dain, Françoise Martin, Annick Xhonneux, Jean Paul Langhendries, Jean Noel Van Hees, Deborah Rousseaux, Ricardo Closa-Monasterolo, Joaquin Escribano, Veronica Luque, Georgina Mendez, Natalia Ferre, Marta Zaragoza-Jordana, Marcello Giovannini, Enrica Riva, Carlo Agostoni, Silvia Scaglioni, Elvira Verduci, Fiammetta Vecchi, Alice Re Dionigi, Chiara Arrizza, Benedetta Mariani, Jerzy Socha, Piotr Socha, Anna Stolarczyk, Katarzyna Szott, Anna Dobrzańska, Dariusz Gruszfeld, Agnieszka Kowalik, Roman Janas, Ewa Pietraszek, Emmanuel Perrin, Rüdiger von Kries, Helfried Groebe, Anna Reith, Renate Hofmann, Berthold Koletzko, Veit Grote, Martina Weber, Peter Rzehak, Sonia Schiess, Jeannette Beyer, Michaela Fritsch, Uschi Handel, Ingrid Pawellek, Sabine Verwied-Jorky, Iris Hannibal, Hans Demmelmair, Gudrun Haile, Franca Kirchberg, Lusine Akopjan, Cristina Campoy (PI), Miguel Pérez, Andrés Catena, Francisco J. Torres-Espínola, Mª Cristina Martínez-Zaldívar, Pilar Brandi, Mª Victoria Escolano-Margarit, Berthold Koletzko, Hans Demmelmair, Haile Gudrun, Susan Krauss-Estchmann, Tamas Décsi, Györgyi Csábi, Esther Györey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), particularly n-3 LCPUFA, play a central role in neuronal growth and the development of the human brain. Fish is the main dietary source of n-3 LCPUFA. To assess the relation between fish consumption, estimated dietary n-3 LCPUFA intake and cognition and behaviour in childhood in a multi-centre European sample. Methods Children from 2 European studies, CHOP and NUHEAL, were assessed at 8 and 7.5 years of age, respectively. Different outcomes of neuropsychological development (assessed with the standardized NUTRIMENTHE Neuropsychological Battery (NNB) consisting of 15 subtests) were related with outcomes from a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) focussing on the consumption of fish. Results A total of 584 children completed the FFQ and the neuropsychological tests. We found no associations with calculated DHA or EPA intakes for any of the neuropsychological domains. Children who consumed 2 fish meals per week including one of fatty fish, showed no substantive differences in the cognitive domains from the children who did not. However negative associations with fatty fish consumption were found for social problems (p = 0.019), attention problems (p = 0.012), rule-breaking problems (p = 0.019) and aggressive behaviour problems (p = 0.032). No association was observed with internalizing problems. Higher levels of externalizing problems (p = 0.018) and total problems (p = 0.018) were associated with eating less fatty fish. Conclusions Children who consumed 2 fish meals per week including one of fatty fish were less likely to show emotional and behavioural problems than those who did not.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1301-1307
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Nutrition
Volume35
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

Keywords

  • Childhood
  • Cognition
  • Fatty fish
  • Fish consumption
  • Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA)
  • Neuropsychological battery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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