Neoadjuvant systemic cisplatin, methotrexate and vinblastine chemotherapy has been used in the treatment of 69 patients with advanced bladder cancer (stages T2-T4 N+/N0 M0). Sixty patients were evaluable for response at a median follow-up of 48 months. Preoperative resection of the tumor was purposely avoided in order to keep a marker lesion. After planned radical cystectomy, pathological complete responses (pCRs) and partial responses (pPRs) were documented in 5 (8.3%) and 29 cases (43.4%), respectively. These patients had a 5-year disease-free survival rate of 80%, which was statistically superior (p = 0.0013) to 35% for the remaining nonresponding patients. One patient (20%) with a pCR died of systemic disease after 14 months, while the remaining 4 patients (80%) are alive and free of disease after a median follow-up of 57 months. A higher percentage of pCRs and pPRs was observed in the group of patients with stage T3b-T4 tumor (pCR 11%, pPR 63%) in contrast to the patients with stage T2-T3a disease (pCR 4.5%, pPR 45.5%), even if no significant difference in the 5-year survival rate was observed between the 2 groups. Patients with a G2 tumor before chemotherapy survived longer (5-year survival rate of 78%) than those with G3 disease (5-year survival rate of 61%), but no significant difference was achieved.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
- Bladder cancer
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas