Background: N8-GP is an extended half-life recombinant factor VIII developed for prophylaxis and treatment of bleeds in patients with hemophilia A.
Objective: To assess pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics of N8-GP in previously treated patients with severe hemophilia A, model the time spent at hemophilia thresholds of ≥1 and ≤5 IU/dL (moderate) or >5 IU/dL (mild) FVIII levels during N8-GP prophylaxis, and investigate the relationship between N8-GP half-life and von Willebrand factor (vWF).
Methods: PK assessments were obtained from patients with severe hemophilia A (FVIII < 1 IU/dL) participating in 4 clinical trials: pathfinder 1 (20-60 years); pathfinder 2 (12-17 and ≥18 years); pathfinder 5 (0-11 years), and pathfinder 7 (25-71 years). All PK profiles were assessed after washout and considered single-dose PK profiles. Pre- and postdose FVIII activity at steady state was measured at all visits.
Results: From 69 patients, 108 PK profiles of N8-GP 50 IU/kg were assessed. Adults/adolescents received 50 IU/kg every 4 days, achieving mean trough levels of 3.0 IU/dL (95% confidence interval, 2.6-3.5, adults) and 2.7 IU/dL (1.8-4.0, adolescents). Children received 60 IU/kg twice weekly, leading to mean trough levels of 1.2 IU/dL (0.8-1.6, 0- to 5-year-olds) and 2.0 IU/dL (1.5-2.7, 6- to 11-year-olds). PK modeling predicted children dosed every 3 days and adults/adolescents dosed every 3 to 4 days would maintain FVIII levels >5 and >1 IU/dL for >80% and 100% of the time, respectively. N8-GP half-life correlated linearly with von Willebrand factor levels in adults/adolescents, less in children.
Conclusions: Prophylaxis with fixed intervals (Q4D/twice weekly) and fixed weight-based dosing (50/60 IU/kg) ensured >1 IU/dL FVIII trough levels in both adults and children.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Research and practice in thrombosis and haemostasis|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2019|