FLASH degradation in response to UV-C results in histone locus bodies disruption and cell-cycle arrest

L. Bongiorno-Borbone, A. De Cola, D. Barcaroli, R. A. Knight, C. Di Ilio, G. Melino, V. De Laurenzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Eucaryotic cell nuclei contain a number of different organelles that are highly dynamic structures and respond to a variety of stimuli. Here we investigated the effect of UV irradiation on a recently identified group of organelles, Histone Locus Bodies. Histone Locus Bodies contain at least two main proteins, FLASH and NPAT, and have been shown to be involved in replication-dependent histone gene transcription. We show that these organelles are disrupted after sublethal irradiation and both FLASH and NPAT are degraded, which in turn results in cell-cycle arrest at the S/G2 transition. The effect on the cell cycle is due to reduced transcription of histone genes and restoring normal histone protein levels by stabilizing histone mRNA allows cells to progress through the cell cycle. This provides a novel mechanism of S-phase arrest in response to DNA damage that potentially allows DNA repair before cells continue into mitosis, and thus prevents transmission of genomic alterations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)802-810
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2010

Keywords

  • Cajal bodies
  • FLASH
  • Histone locus bodies
  • UV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

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    Bongiorno-Borbone, L., De Cola, A., Barcaroli, D., Knight, R. A., Di Ilio, C., Melino, G., & De Laurenzi, V. (2010). FLASH degradation in response to UV-C results in histone locus bodies disruption and cell-cycle arrest. Oncogene, 29(6), 802-810. https://doi.org/10.1038/onc.2009.388