Flexible Fiber CO2 Laser in Microsurgical Treatment of Intraventricular Tumors: Usefulness and Limitations

D. Policicchio, G. Dipellegrini, G. Muggianu, A. Pintus, E. Sgaramella, F. Veneziani Santonio, R. Boccaletti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess usefulness and limitations of flexible fiber carbon dioxide (CO2) laser in the microsurgical treatment of intraventricular tumors. METHODS: We reviewed a series of 9 patients treated with microsurgical resection of intraventricular tumors using a flexible fiber CO2 laser. The lesions involved the third ventricle (8) and the frontal horn of the right lateral ventricle (1). Histology revealed 6 craniopharyngiomas, 1 pituitary macroadenoma, 1 subependymoma, and 1 neurocytoma. In all cases, an interhemispheric transcallosal approach was performed. The laser was used during callosotomy, fornix column sectioning, tumor debulking, and to facilitate tumor dissection. We used a 5-tiered score system to assess laser's efficacy in each surgical step (approach, dissection, debulking): grade 1: laser was not at all helpful, grade 5: laser was extremely helpful. Limits of the instrument also are discussed. RESULTS: Gross total resection was achieved in 6 cases and subtotal resection in the remaining 3. Three patients had pulmonary complications treated without clinical sequelae. No laser-related complication was described. Mean utility score observed was 4.2 (range 3-5) during approach, 2.8 (range 2-4) during tumor dissection; and 3.3 (range 2-5) during tumor debulking. Main limits were low hemostatic effect and inefficiency versus calcified and highly vascularized tumors. CONCLUSIONS: The CO2 laser proved to be a useful and safe tool that could be used for intraventricular pathology; its design is suitable for narrow surgical corridors like interhemispheric fissure and foramen of Monro; its main utility is the ability to create precise and relatively bloodless cut (callosotomy, tumor debulking); low hemostatic effect is its main limit.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e427-e435
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume122
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 18 2018

Keywords

  • CO(2)
  • CO(2) laser
  • CSF
  • CT
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Computed tomography
  • MRI
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Microsurgery
  • Neurosurgery
  • OmniGuide
  • Ventricular tumors

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