Fluconazole vs Itraconazole-Flucytosine Association in the Treatment of Esophageal Candidiasis in AIDS Patients: A Double-blind, Multicenter Placebo-Controlled Study

Giuseppe Barbaro, Giorgio Barbarini, Gabriella Di Lorenzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Study objective: To assess the role and the therapeutic efficacy of fluconazole and itraconazole-flucytosine association compared with placebo, in the treatment of endoscopically diagnosed esophageal candidiasis in a selected population of AIDS patients. Design: Double-blind, placebo-controlled study. etting: University Hospitals and AIDS Centers. Patients: Eighty-five HIV-positive patients (53 men and 32 women; mean age, 28 years) at first episode of esophageal candidiasis diagnosed by endoscopy (grades I to II of Kodsi's endoscopic classification and grades I to IIa of Barbare's clinical classification). All the patients selected for the study provided informed consent. Interventions: The patients have been double blindly randomized in 3 groups of patients in relation to pharmacologic therapy: (1) the patients of the first group (n=30) received fluconazole (3 mg/kg daily orally) and placebo (100 mg/kg/daily orally); (2) the patients of the second group (n=30) received itraconazole (3 mg/kg daily orally) and flucytosine (100 mg/kg daily orally); and (3) the patients of the third group (n=25) received placebo (3 mg/kg daily orally) and placebo (100 mg/kg daily orally). After 2 weeks of treatment, the patients previously randomized to receive placebo only were double blindly randomized to receive fluconazole+placebo or itraconazole+flucytosine. To evaluate the efficacy of pharmacologic therapy, clinical and endoscopic examinations were performed at weeks 2 and 4 and at the end of follow-up (3 months). Results: At week 2, endoscopic cure (grade O) was observed in 68.9% of the fluconazole+placebo group and in 72.4% of the itraconazole+flucytosine group (relative risk, 0.95; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.68 to 1.33; p=0.772); partial endoscopic response (grade I) was observed in 22.7% of the placebo group. Clinical cure (grade O) was observed in 75.8% of fluconazole+placebo group and in 72.4% of itraconazole+flucytosine group (relative risk, 1.05; 95% CI, 0.77 to 1.42; p=0.764), with a difference statistically significant for both treatments in comparison to placebo group (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1507-1514
Number of pages8
JournalChest
Volume110
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Candidiasis
  • Flucytosine
  • Flueonazole
  • Itraconazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Fluconazole vs Itraconazole-Flucytosine Association in the Treatment of Esophageal Candidiasis in AIDS Patients: A Double-blind, Multicenter Placebo-Controlled Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this