CD5+ B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) in leukaemic phase are characterized by defects in cell death induction that primarily involves the Bcl-2 family of genes. Fludarabine (9-β-D- arabinofuranosyl-2-fluoradenine, F-ara-A) is a potent inducer of apoptosis in CLL cells. This study aimed to determine whether F-ara-A-induced apoptosis might be related to Bcl-2 modifications and to evaluate in vitro/in vivo correlations. Peripheral blood lymphocytes from eight B-CLL and four leukaemic MCL were cultured in the presence of different concentrations of F- ara-A ±methylprednisolone (MP). F-ara-A down-regulated the expression of Bcl-2 in 5/12 cases, mRNA down-regulation was maximal at 48 h; protein down- regulation was prominent after 48 h. Both events were dose-dependent. The amount of apoptosis was significantly higher in the samples treated with F- ara-A than in those exposed to MP alone. In the seven remaining cases, no Bcl-2 down-regulation was observed after exposure to F-ara-A and the degree of F-ara-A-induced apoptosis overlapped that induced by MR. The in vivo outcome after treatment with three to six courses of P-ara-A was evaluable in 10 patients: 4/5 cases, whose cells had shown in vitro Bcl-2 down-regulation and prominent apoptosis after exposure to F-ara-A, had a complete response (CR) and a partial response (PR) was observed in the remaining patient. Of the five patients whose cells had shown no in vitro Bcl-2 modulation after exposure to F-ara-A, two had a PR, but the other three did not show any in vivo clinical response.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||British Journal of Haematology|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
- B-chronic lymphocytic leukaemia
- Bcl- 2
- CD5 B cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas