Fludarabine in combination with cyclophosphamide or with cyclophosphamide plus mitoxantrone for relapsed or refractory low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

G. Santini, S. Nati, M. Spriano, A. Gallamini, D. Pierluigi, A. M. Congiu, M. Truini, A. Rubagotti, T. Chisesi, R. Vimercati, E. Rossi, M. R. Sertoli, D. Mattei, G. Marino, M. Gobbi

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Abstract

Background and Objectives. We report the activity of two combinations of fludarabine (FLU), one with cyclophosphamide (FLU/CY) and the second with CY plus mitoxantrone (FLU/CY/MITO). The aim of the study was to evaluate the activity and toxicity of these two schedules in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). Design and Methods. Twenty-two patients with recurrent low grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (LGL) received FLU/CY (FLU 25 mg/m2 days 1 to 3, CY 300 mg/m2 days 1 to 3), and 31 patients received FLU/CY/MITO (FLU 25 mg/m2 days 1 to 3, CY 300 mg/m2 days 1 to 3, mitoxantrone 10 mg/m2 day 1). Patients received antibiotic oral prophylaxis during all treatments and growth factors (G-CSF) when grade III granulocytopenia (WHO scale) occurred. Results. Of the 53 patients, 31 achieved complete remission (CR) (58%) and 16 partial remission (PR) (30%). Response was similar in both arms of the study. After 3 courses, 77% of patients who achieved CR showed a complete disappearance of disease. Seventy-nine percent of patients experienced granulocytopenia. Few patients had fever, all without infection. One patient died with fever of unknown origin three months after completion of six courses of treatment. Interpretation and Conclusions. Both treatments were seen to be effective in recurrent low-grade NHL. Antibiotic prophylaxis with G-CSF support seems to reduce treatment-related infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-286
Number of pages5
JournalHaematologica
Volume86
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Cyclophosphamide
  • Fludarabine
  • Low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Mitoxantrone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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