Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of HER-2/neu in brushings of normal oral mucosa

Angelo Paradiso, Marta Abatangelo, Sandra Piepoli, Stefania Tommasi, Jian Ming Xu, Maria Angela Caponio, Franco Marzullo, Carlo D'Auria, Gaetano Achille, Luciano Grammatica

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Oncogene alterations have been clearly demonstrated to be related to the carcinogenesis and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, the analysis of these alterations for screening and early diagnostic purposes generally requires invasive techniques for surgical removal of pathological epithelium. The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis of HER-2/neu amplification in oral mucosa brushings and to compare the HER-2/neu status with the history and smoking and drinking habits of healthy subjects. Cells obtained by centrifugation of oral brushings from 21 subjects (overall no. of cells: 5125) were suspended in physiological saline and fixed onto two slides for cytological evaluation and FISH analysis (dual-target, dual-color fluorescence assay) of the HER-2/neu gene and CEP17 centromere. A mean of 89.8% of the cells showed two HER-2/neu signals and a mean of 94% had two CEP17 signals at fluorescent microscopy. Finally, a mean of 96% of cells with HER-2/neu / CEP17 had a ratio equal to 1. No association between smoking and drinking habits, age and the HER-2/neu and CEP17 characteristics evaluated by FISH was found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-144
Number of pages4
JournalCancer Genetics and Cytogenetics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology


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