The effects of norfloxacin and enoxacin were examined on spontaneous motor activity in the guinea-pig isolated ileum. Micromolar concentrations of both compounds caused a biphasic response consisting of relaxation followed by transient contraction. Relaxation to norfloxacin, which was unaffected by phentolamine, propranolol and hyoscine (each at 1 μM), was partially sensitive to tetrodotoxin (1 μM). This indicates that the response is partly mediated by non-adrenergic non-cholinergic (NANC) inhibitory nerves, and partly related to a direct action on the smooth muscle. Apamin (0.1 μM) and suramin (300 μM) inhibited norfloxacin-induced relaxations to an extent similar to that of tetrodotoxin. Conversely, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine (300 μM) was ineffective. In the presence of theophylline (100 μM) and 3-isobutyl-1- methylxanthine (10 μM), norfloxacin caused relaxation less effective than when added alone. Based on this observation, the NANC component of the relaxation apparently depends on ATP release, whereas the direct component might be due, at least in part, to phosphodiesterase inhibition. Norfloxacin- induced contractions were neurogenic and cholinergic in nature. They were reduced by indomethacin or S-ketoprofen (both at 0.01-1 μM) and suramin (300 μM), suggesting involvement of local prostaglandin production probably induced by ATP release. Previous findings revealed that norfloxacin acted as a non-competitive antagonist at enteric GABA(A) receptors. In this study the same property was shared by enoxacin against the contractile response to 3- aminopropane sulphonic acid (3-APS), a GABA(A) receptor agonist. In conclusion, fluoroquinolones exert inhibitory and excitatory effects in the guinea-pig ileum. These are mediated by ATP, prostaglandin and acetylcholine release that might underlie, at least in part, the alterations of gastrointestinal motility observed after fluoroquinolone administration. Furthermore, isolated intestinal preparations might be useful to predict the GABA(A)-antagonist potential of this class of compounds.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Pharmacology and Toxicology|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis