Focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy for greater trochanteric pain syndrome with gluteal tendinopathy: a randomized controlled trial

E. Carlisi, M. Cecini, G. Di Natali, F. Manzoni, C. Tinelli, C. Lisi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objectives: To investigate if focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy (f-ESWT) is an effective treatment in a population affected by greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS). Design: Randomized controlled trial, with blind outcome assessors. Setting: Outpatients, University Hospital. Subjects: A total of 50 patients affected by GTPS with gluteal tendinopathy. Interventions: The study group was assigned to receive f-ESWT, the control group received ultrasound therapy (UST). Main measures: We assessed hip pain and lower limb function by means of a numeric rating scale (p-NRS) and the Lower Extremity Functional Scale (LEFS scale), respectively. The first follow-up evaluation (2M-FUP) was performed two months after the first treatment session, the second (6M-FUP) was carried out six months later. Results: The mean age of the population was 61.24 (9.26) years. A marked prevalence of the female sex was recorded (44 subjects, 86%). The statistical analysis showed a significant pain reduction over time for the study group and the control group, the f-ESWT proving to be significantly more effective than UST (P <0.05) at the 2M-FUP (2.08 vs 3.36) and at the 6M-FUP (0.79 vs 2.03). A marked improvement of the LEFS total score was observed in both groups as well, but we found no statistical differences in the comparisons between groups. Conclusion: Our findings support the hypothesis that f-ESWT is effective in reducing pain, both in the short-term and in the mid-term perspective. We also observed a functional improvement in the affected lower limb, but, in this case, f-ESWT showed not to be superior to UST. © The Author(s) 2018.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)670-680
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Rehabilitation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019



  • Greater trochanteric pain syndrome
  • shock wave
  • tendinopathy
  • arthralgia
  • buttock
  • controlled study
  • female
  • hip
  • human
  • male
  • middle aged
  • pathophysiology
  • randomized controlled trial
  • shock wave therapy
  • syndrome
  • tendinitis
  • Arthralgia
  • Buttocks
  • Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy
  • Female
  • Hip Joint
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Syndrome
  • Tendinopathy

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