Uridine diphosphoglucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are detoxifying enzymes responsible for the metabolism of endogenous and xenobiotics compounds. UGT isoforms are widely distributed in rat tissues showing a constitutive and inducible gene expression. However, little information is available concerning UGTs expression in testis. The UGT1A1, UGT1A2, and UGT1B1 mRNAs expression in whole rat testis, in Sertoli and peritubular myoid cells in basal conditions, and after hormonal and hypoxic stimulation were investigated by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Constitutive expression of each UGT1 isoform was present in rat testis with higher levels of UGT1A2. UGT transcripts were also detected in Sertoli and peritubular myoid cells. After FSH stimulation, Sertoli cells showed an increase in UGT1B1 mRNA expression, whereas the levels of UGT1A1 and UGT1A2 resulted unmodified. The main effect induced by testosterone was a decrease of UGT1B1 mRNA expression in peritubular myoid cells, whereas in Sertoli cells an increase in UGT1A1 and UGT1B1 was observed. In hypoxic conditions, a reduction in UGTs mRNA levels was detected in both cell types. These findings suggest that rat UGT1 isoforms are regulated in testis by hormonal and environmental factors. Thus, it was speculated that alterations in UGTs expression and/or activity may be involved in the pathogenesis of testis injury. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
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