Fontaine-Farriaux craniosynostosis: Second report in the literature

Manuela Priolo, Teresina De Toni, Maria Baffico, Armando Cama, Marco Seri, Roberto Cusano, Laura Costabello, Paola Fondelli, Valeria Capra, Margherita Silengo, Roberto Ravazzolo, Margherita Lerone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Craniosynostosis is determined by the precocious fusion of one or more calvarial sutures leading to an abnormal skull shape. Additionally, nodular heterotopia is a disorder of neuronal migration and/or proliferation. We describe a very rare multiple congenital anomalies (MCA) syndrome in which craniosynostosis is associated with bilateral periventricular nodular heterotopia (BPNH) of the gray matter and other malformations involving hands, feet, and the gut. Clinical findings and further investigations suggest the diagnosis of craniosynostosis Fontaine-Farriaux type. To the best of our knowledge, this case is only the second report of this MCA syndrome. Based on the clinical and radiological data of the two cases reported, we hypothesize that this malformative complex may be considered a new BPNH/MCA syndrome and propose to classify it as BPNH/craniosynostosis. Previous studies demonstrated that at least two BPNH/MCA syndromes have been mapped to the Xq28 chromosomal region in which a causative gene for isolated BPNH is located. The same authors hypothesized that other BPNH syndromes could be due to microrearrangements at the same Xq28 region. Our case presents several overlapping features with some BPNH/MCA syndromes and it is possible that this new complex disorder may be caused by rearrangements at the same chromosomal region that could alter expression of different genes in Xq28.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)214-218
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2001


  • BPNH
  • Craniosynostosis
  • Microrearrangement
  • Xq28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)


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