Intolleranze e allergie alimentari nella prima infanzia

Translated title of the contribution: Food allergies and intolerance in infants and children

Onorato Frongia, Anna Rita Bellomo, Giovanni Di Giorgio, Carla Fiumalbi, Jacqueline Frizza, Carmen Maresca, Massimo Mari, Ricardo Tominz, Nancy Binkin, Alberto Perra, Antonino Bella, Marta Ciofi Degu Atti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The data presented in this article were obtained as part of a larger study on vaccination coverage and child health behaviours known as ICONA 2003. All regions and autonomous provinces of Italy participated in the study. The study population was recruited by cluster sampling and consisted of 12-24 months old children who were resident in their respective regions. Information were obtained through a standardized questionnaire administered to the mothers or caretakers of the selected children in early 2003. Interviews were conducted in the child's home by staff of the local health authorities. The families of 4,602 children were interviewed. Overall 7.4% of the interviewed families reported that their children had suffered from food allergies or intolerance, with regional prevalences ranging from 4.8% in Puglia and Marches to 15.4% in Lazio region. A total of 5.2% children were reported to be allergic or intolerant to cow milk and its derivatives, while 2.0% were allergic to egg products. Among those who had milk allergies or intolerance, the most common substitutive milk was soy milk (34%) followed by hypoallergenic milk containing hydrolysed protein (21%). Although these data are based on reports by mothers and caretakers, they provide the first national estimate of food intolerance in early childhood. The prevalences we observed are similar to those found in other international studies of children in this same age group. The wide geographic variability seems to be due to different diagnostic approaches and criteria ramer man to a true difference in the prevalence of these problems. The diagnosis of these conditions should be based on more objective criteria.

Translated title of the contributionFood allergies and intolerance in infants and children
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)533-538
Number of pages6
JournalMedico e Bambino
Volume24
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Oct 31 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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