Food Allergies: Current and Future Treatments

Amelia Licari, Sara Manti, Alessia Marseglia, Ilaria Brambilla, Martina Votto, Riccardo Castagnoli, Salvatore Leonardi, Gian Luigi Marseglia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Food allergies are an increasingly public health problem, affecting up to 10% of children and causing a significant burden on affected patients, resulting in dietary restrictions, fear of accidental ingestion and related risk of severe reactions, as well as a reduced quality of life. Currently, there is no specific cure for a food allergy, so the only available management is limited to strict dietary avoidance, education on prompt recognition of symptoms, and emergency treatment of adverse reactions. Several allergen specific- and nonspecific-therapies, aiming to acquire a persistent food tolerance, are under investigation as potential treatments; however, to date, only immunotherapy has been identified as the most promising therapeutic approach for food allergy treatment. The aim of this review is to provide an updated overview on changes in the treatment landscape for food allergies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMedicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • allergen-nonspecific therapy
  • allergen-specific therapy
  • biologics
  • children
  • food allergy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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