Food-Based Dietary Guidelines around the World

Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Countries

Concetta Montagnese, Lidia Santarpia, Fabio Iavarone, Francesca Strangio, Brigida Sangiovanni, Margherita Buonifacio, Anna Rita Caldara, Eufemia Silvestri, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

In Eastern Mediterranean countries, undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies coexist with overnutrition-related diseases, such as obesity, heart disease, diabetes and cancer. Many Mediterranean countries have produced Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDGs) to provide the general population with indications for healthy nutrition and lifestyles. This narrative review analyses Eastern Mediterranean countries' FBDGs and discusses their pictorial representations, food groupings and associated messages on healthy eating and behaviours. In 2012, both the WHO and the Arab Center for Nutrition developed specific dietary guidelines for Arab countries. In addition, seven countries, representing 29% of the Eastern Mediterranean Region population, designated their national FBDGs. At the moment several of these guidelines are available only in the English language. In summary, Eastern Mediterranean FBDGs mainly focus on food safety, not all are available in the local Arabic language, and they do not provide specific suggestions for the large number of foreign workers and migrants.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrients
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 13 2019
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Nutrition Policy
Dietary Guidelines
Mediterranean region
Food
Arab countries
Language
Overnutrition
nutrition
Mediterranean Region
Arabs
Heart Neoplasms
Middle East
Food Safety
Micronutrients
healthy diet
heart diseases
Feeding Behavior
dietary minerals
Malnutrition
malnutrition

Keywords

  • dietary guidelines
  • Eastern Mediterranean countries
  • food safety
  • healthy diet
  • non-communicable diseases
  • public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Montagnese, C., Santarpia, L., Iavarone, F., Strangio, F., Sangiovanni, B., Buonifacio, M., ... Pasanisi, F. (2019). Food-Based Dietary Guidelines around the World: Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Countries. Nutrients, 11(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061325

Food-Based Dietary Guidelines around the World : Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Countries. / Montagnese, Concetta; Santarpia, Lidia; Iavarone, Fabio; Strangio, Francesca; Sangiovanni, Brigida; Buonifacio, Margherita; Caldara, Anna Rita; Silvestri, Eufemia; Contaldo, Franco; Pasanisi, Fabrizio.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 11, No. 6, 13.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Montagnese, C, Santarpia, L, Iavarone, F, Strangio, F, Sangiovanni, B, Buonifacio, M, Caldara, AR, Silvestri, E, Contaldo, F & Pasanisi, F 2019, 'Food-Based Dietary Guidelines around the World: Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Countries', Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 6. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061325
Montagnese C, Santarpia L, Iavarone F, Strangio F, Sangiovanni B, Buonifacio M et al. Food-Based Dietary Guidelines around the World: Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Countries. Nutrients. 2019 Jun 13;11(6). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061325
Montagnese, Concetta ; Santarpia, Lidia ; Iavarone, Fabio ; Strangio, Francesca ; Sangiovanni, Brigida ; Buonifacio, Margherita ; Caldara, Anna Rita ; Silvestri, Eufemia ; Contaldo, Franco ; Pasanisi, Fabrizio. / Food-Based Dietary Guidelines around the World : Eastern Mediterranean and Middle Eastern Countries. In: Nutrients. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 6.
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