Food groups and alcoholic beverages and the risk of stomach cancer: A case-control study in italy

Ersilia Lucenteforte, Virginia Scita, Cristina Bosetti, Paola Bertuccio, Eva Negri, Carlo La Vecchia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To investigate the role of a wide range of foods and beverages on the risk of stomach cancer, we analyzed data from a case-control study carried out in Italy between 1997 and 2007 on 230 subjects with incident histologically confirmed stomach cancer (143 men and 87 women, age range 22-80 yr) and 547 controls (286 men and 261 women, age range 22-80 yr) admitted to hospital for acute, non-neoplastic diseases. Odds ratios (OR) of stomach cancer and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using unconditional multiple logistic regression models, adjusted for age, sex, energy intake, and other selected variables. A direct association with stomach cancer risk was observed for cereals (OR = 2.07, 95% CI = 1.01-4.24, for the highest compared to the lowest quintile of intake, P for trend = 0.03), soups (OR = 1.94, 95% CI = 1.10-3.42, P for trend = 0.05), and potatoes (OR = 2.04, 95% CI = 1.05-3.98, P for trend = 0.04). Conversely, inverse trends in risk were observed with vegetables (OR = 0.47, 95% CI = 0.27-0.81, P for trend = 0.01) and fruit intake (OR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.30-0.93, P for trend = 0.08). The results of this study confirm a protective role of vegetables and fruit against stomach cancer and suggest a detrimental effect of (refined) cereals on this neoplasm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-584
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition and Cancer
Volume60
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

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Food and Beverages
Alcoholic Beverages
alcoholic beverages
stomach neoplasms
food groups
case-control studies
odds ratio
Italy
Stomach Neoplasms
Case-Control Studies
confidence interval
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Vegetables
Fruit
Logistic Models
vegetables
soups
fruit consumption
Solanum tuberosum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Oncology
  • Food Science

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Food groups and alcoholic beverages and the risk of stomach cancer : A case-control study in italy. / Lucenteforte, Ersilia; Scita, Virginia; Bosetti, Cristina; Bertuccio, Paola; Negri, Eva; La Vecchia, Carlo.

In: Nutrition and Cancer, Vol. 60, No. 5, 09.2008, p. 577-584.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lucenteforte, Ersilia ; Scita, Virginia ; Bosetti, Cristina ; Bertuccio, Paola ; Negri, Eva ; La Vecchia, Carlo. / Food groups and alcoholic beverages and the risk of stomach cancer : A case-control study in italy. In: Nutrition and Cancer. 2008 ; Vol. 60, No. 5. pp. 577-584.
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