Food intake and inflammation in European children

the IDEFICS study

Esther M González-Gil, Javier Santabárbara, Paola Russo, Wolfgang Ahrens, Mandy Claessens, Lauren Lissner, Claudia Börnhorst, Vittorio Krogh, Licia Iacoviello, Denes Molnar, Alfonso Siani, Michael Tornaritis, Toomas Veidebaum, Luis A. Moreno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study assesses the relationship between consumption frequencies of food items and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in European children.

METHODS: Out of the baseline sample (N = 16.228) of the IDEFICS study, 6.403 children (1.315 boys aged 2 to <6, 1.908 boys aged 6 to <10, 1.204 girls aged 2 to <6 and 1.976 girls aged 6 to <10 years) had hs-CRP measured and the Children's Eating Habits Questionnaire filled, including a food frequency questionnaire. Logistic regression adjusted for body mass index z-score, education of the mother, breast-feeding and self-reported hours of physical activity in a sport club per week was conducted.

RESULTS: Mean frequency intake of raw vegetable was lower in boys (p = 0.022 in young and p = 0.020 in old) and older girls (p = 0.026) with high hs-CRP concentration, while in younger girls (p = 0.008) the same occurred with the cooked vegetables. The probability of having higher hs-CRP concentration was significantly associated with having low consumption frequency of vegetables (p = 0.004 in older boys, raw vegetables; and p = 0.0032 in younger girls, cooked vegetables). Also, honey/jam intake decreased the probability of having higher concentration of hs-CRP, whereas soft drinks with sugar, mayonnaise and cereals milled increased this probability.

CONCLUSIONS: Out of all food items associated with hs-CRP, frequency intake of vegetables presented more associations across all the analysis. Findings suggest that a high-frequency intake of vegetables is inversely related to an inflammatory status in children. More studies are needed to assess the association between diet and inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2459-2468
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume55
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2016

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Vegetables
C-Reactive Protein
Eating
Inflammation
Food
Carbonated Beverages
Honey
Feeding Behavior
Breast Feeding
Sports
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Mothers
Exercise
Diet
Education

Keywords

  • Journal Article

Cite this

González-Gil, E. M., Santabárbara, J., Russo, P., Ahrens, W., Claessens, M., Lissner, L., ... Moreno, L. A. (2016). Food intake and inflammation in European children: the IDEFICS study. European Journal of Nutrition, 55(8), 2459-2468. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1054-3

Food intake and inflammation in European children : the IDEFICS study. / González-Gil, Esther M; Santabárbara, Javier; Russo, Paola; Ahrens, Wolfgang; Claessens, Mandy; Lissner, Lauren; Börnhorst, Claudia; Krogh, Vittorio; Iacoviello, Licia; Molnar, Denes; Siani, Alfonso; Tornaritis, Michael; Veidebaum, Toomas; Moreno, Luis A.

In: European Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 55, No. 8, 12.2016, p. 2459-2468.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

González-Gil, EM, Santabárbara, J, Russo, P, Ahrens, W, Claessens, M, Lissner, L, Börnhorst, C, Krogh, V, Iacoviello, L, Molnar, D, Siani, A, Tornaritis, M, Veidebaum, T & Moreno, LA 2016, 'Food intake and inflammation in European children: the IDEFICS study', European Journal of Nutrition, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 2459-2468. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1054-3
González-Gil EM, Santabárbara J, Russo P, Ahrens W, Claessens M, Lissner L et al. Food intake and inflammation in European children: the IDEFICS study. European Journal of Nutrition. 2016 Dec;55(8):2459-2468. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-015-1054-3
González-Gil, Esther M ; Santabárbara, Javier ; Russo, Paola ; Ahrens, Wolfgang ; Claessens, Mandy ; Lissner, Lauren ; Börnhorst, Claudia ; Krogh, Vittorio ; Iacoviello, Licia ; Molnar, Denes ; Siani, Alfonso ; Tornaritis, Michael ; Veidebaum, Toomas ; Moreno, Luis A. / Food intake and inflammation in European children : the IDEFICS study. In: European Journal of Nutrition. 2016 ; Vol. 55, No. 8. pp. 2459-2468.
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T2 - the IDEFICS study

AU - González-Gil, Esther M

AU - Santabárbara, Javier

AU - Russo, Paola

AU - Ahrens, Wolfgang

AU - Claessens, Mandy

AU - Lissner, Lauren

AU - Börnhorst, Claudia

AU - Krogh, Vittorio

AU - Iacoviello, Licia

AU - Molnar, Denes

AU - Siani, Alfonso

AU - Tornaritis, Michael

AU - Veidebaum, Toomas

AU - Moreno, Luis A.

PY - 2016/12

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N2 - PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study assesses the relationship between consumption frequencies of food items and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in European children.METHODS: Out of the baseline sample (N = 16.228) of the IDEFICS study, 6.403 children (1.315 boys aged 2 to <6, 1.908 boys aged 6 to <10, 1.204 girls aged 2 to <6 and 1.976 girls aged 6 to <10 years) had hs-CRP measured and the Children's Eating Habits Questionnaire filled, including a food frequency questionnaire. Logistic regression adjusted for body mass index z-score, education of the mother, breast-feeding and self-reported hours of physical activity in a sport club per week was conducted.RESULTS: Mean frequency intake of raw vegetable was lower in boys (p = 0.022 in young and p = 0.020 in old) and older girls (p = 0.026) with high hs-CRP concentration, while in younger girls (p = 0.008) the same occurred with the cooked vegetables. The probability of having higher hs-CRP concentration was significantly associated with having low consumption frequency of vegetables (p = 0.004 in older boys, raw vegetables; and p = 0.0032 in younger girls, cooked vegetables). Also, honey/jam intake decreased the probability of having higher concentration of hs-CRP, whereas soft drinks with sugar, mayonnaise and cereals milled increased this probability.CONCLUSIONS: Out of all food items associated with hs-CRP, frequency intake of vegetables presented more associations across all the analysis. Findings suggest that a high-frequency intake of vegetables is inversely related to an inflammatory status in children. More studies are needed to assess the association between diet and inflammation.

AB - PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study assesses the relationship between consumption frequencies of food items and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in European children.METHODS: Out of the baseline sample (N = 16.228) of the IDEFICS study, 6.403 children (1.315 boys aged 2 to <6, 1.908 boys aged 6 to <10, 1.204 girls aged 2 to <6 and 1.976 girls aged 6 to <10 years) had hs-CRP measured and the Children's Eating Habits Questionnaire filled, including a food frequency questionnaire. Logistic regression adjusted for body mass index z-score, education of the mother, breast-feeding and self-reported hours of physical activity in a sport club per week was conducted.RESULTS: Mean frequency intake of raw vegetable was lower in boys (p = 0.022 in young and p = 0.020 in old) and older girls (p = 0.026) with high hs-CRP concentration, while in younger girls (p = 0.008) the same occurred with the cooked vegetables. The probability of having higher hs-CRP concentration was significantly associated with having low consumption frequency of vegetables (p = 0.004 in older boys, raw vegetables; and p = 0.0032 in younger girls, cooked vegetables). Also, honey/jam intake decreased the probability of having higher concentration of hs-CRP, whereas soft drinks with sugar, mayonnaise and cereals milled increased this probability.CONCLUSIONS: Out of all food items associated with hs-CRP, frequency intake of vegetables presented more associations across all the analysis. Findings suggest that a high-frequency intake of vegetables is inversely related to an inflammatory status in children. More studies are needed to assess the association between diet and inflammation.

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SP - 2459

EP - 2468

JO - European Journal of Nutrition

JF - European Journal of Nutrition

SN - 1436-6207

IS - 8

ER -