Food sources of carbohydrates in a European cohort of adults

E. Wirfält, A. McTaggart, V. Pala, B. Gullberg, G. Frasca, S. Panico, H. B. Bueno-de-Mesquita, P. H M Peeters, D. Engeset, G. Skeie, M. D. Chirlaque, P. Amiano, E. Lundin, A. Mulligan, E. A. Spencer, K. Overvad, A. Tiønneland, F. Clavel-Chapelon, J. Linseisen, U. NöthlingsE. Polychronopoulos, K. Georga, U. R. Charrondière, N. Slimani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To describe the average consumption of carbohydrate-providing food groups among study centres of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Methods: Of the 27 redefined EPIC study centres, 19 contributed subjects of both genders and eight centres female participants only (men, n = 13031; women, n = 22 924, after exclusion of subjects under 35 and over 74 years of age from the original 36 900 total). Dietary data were obtained using the 24-hour recall methodology using the EPIC-SOFT software. The major sources of dietary carbohydrate were identified, and 16 food groups were examined. Results: The 10 food groups contributing most carbohydrate were bread; fruit; milk and milk products; sweet buns, cakes and pies; potato; sugar and jam; pasta and rice; vegetables and legumes; crispbread; and fruit and vegetable juices. Consumption of fruits as well as vegetables and legumes was higher in southern compared with northern centres, while soft drinks consumption was higher in the north. Italian centres had high pasta and rice consumption, but breakfast cereal, potato, and sweet buns, cakes and pies were higher in northern centres. In Sweden, lower bread consumption was balanced with a higher consumption of crispbread, and with sweet buns; cakes and pies. Overall, men consumed higher amounts of vegetables and legumes, bread, soft drinks, potatoes, pasta and rice, breakfast cereal and sugar and jam than women, but fruit consumption appeared more frequent in women. Conclusion: The study supports the established idea that carbohydrate-rich foods chosen in northern Europe are different from those in the Mediterranean region. When comparing and interpreting diet-disease relationships across populations, researchers need to consider all types of foods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1197-1215
Number of pages19
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume5
Issue number6 B
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2002

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pies
pasta
food groups
breads
breakfast cereals
jams
soft drinks
legumes
vegetables
Carbohydrates
fruit consumption
potatoes
nutrition
carbohydrates
Bread
rice
Food
neoplasms
Fabaceae
Vegetables

Keywords

  • 24-Hour dietary recall
  • Cancer
  • Carbohydrates
  • Descriptive epidemiology
  • EPIC study
  • Europe
  • Foods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Food Science

Cite this

Wirfält, E., McTaggart, A., Pala, V., Gullberg, B., Frasca, G., Panico, S., ... Slimani, N. (2002). Food sources of carbohydrates in a European cohort of adults. Public Health Nutrition, 5(6 B), 1197-1215. https://doi.org/10.1079/PHN2002399

Food sources of carbohydrates in a European cohort of adults. / Wirfält, E.; McTaggart, A.; Pala, V.; Gullberg, B.; Frasca, G.; Panico, S.; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B.; Peeters, P. H M; Engeset, D.; Skeie, G.; Chirlaque, M. D.; Amiano, P.; Lundin, E.; Mulligan, A.; Spencer, E. A.; Overvad, K.; Tiønneland, A.; Clavel-Chapelon, F.; Linseisen, J.; Nöthlings, U.; Polychronopoulos, E.; Georga, K.; Charrondière, U. R.; Slimani, N.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 5, No. 6 B, 12.2002, p. 1197-1215.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wirfält, E, McTaggart, A, Pala, V, Gullberg, B, Frasca, G, Panico, S, Bueno-de-Mesquita, HB, Peeters, PHM, Engeset, D, Skeie, G, Chirlaque, MD, Amiano, P, Lundin, E, Mulligan, A, Spencer, EA, Overvad, K, Tiønneland, A, Clavel-Chapelon, F, Linseisen, J, Nöthlings, U, Polychronopoulos, E, Georga, K, Charrondière, UR & Slimani, N 2002, 'Food sources of carbohydrates in a European cohort of adults', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 5, no. 6 B, pp. 1197-1215. https://doi.org/10.1079/PHN2002399
Wirfält E, McTaggart A, Pala V, Gullberg B, Frasca G, Panico S et al. Food sources of carbohydrates in a European cohort of adults. Public Health Nutrition. 2002 Dec;5(6 B):1197-1215. https://doi.org/10.1079/PHN2002399
Wirfält, E. ; McTaggart, A. ; Pala, V. ; Gullberg, B. ; Frasca, G. ; Panico, S. ; Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B. ; Peeters, P. H M ; Engeset, D. ; Skeie, G. ; Chirlaque, M. D. ; Amiano, P. ; Lundin, E. ; Mulligan, A. ; Spencer, E. A. ; Overvad, K. ; Tiønneland, A. ; Clavel-Chapelon, F. ; Linseisen, J. ; Nöthlings, U. ; Polychronopoulos, E. ; Georga, K. ; Charrondière, U. R. ; Slimani, N. / Food sources of carbohydrates in a European cohort of adults. In: Public Health Nutrition. 2002 ; Vol. 5, No. 6 B. pp. 1197-1215.
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AU - McTaggart, A.

AU - Pala, V.

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AU - Frasca, G.

AU - Panico, S.

AU - Bueno-de-Mesquita, H. B.

AU - Peeters, P. H M

AU - Engeset, D.

AU - Skeie, G.

AU - Chirlaque, M. D.

AU - Amiano, P.

AU - Lundin, E.

AU - Mulligan, A.

AU - Spencer, E. A.

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