Foot-ground interaction during upright standing in children with Down syndrome

Massimiliano Pau, Manuela Galli, Marcello Crivellini, Giorgio Albertini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study aimed to quantitatively characterize the main foot-ground contact parameters during static upright standing and to assess foot evolution with increasing age in young individuals affected by Down syndrome (DS). To this end, 99 children with DS of mean age 9.7 (1.7) were tested using a pressure sensitive mat, and the raw data were processed to extract information about overall and rearfoot, midfoot and forefoot contact area, Arch Index (AI) and average contact pressure. The values obtained were then compared with those calculated from a sample of age- and gender-matched participants (control group, CG). Children with DS exhibited larger midfoot and reduced forefoot contact areas with respect to CG participants (+53% and -35% respectively, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1881-1887
Number of pages7
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012


  • Down syndrome
  • Foot
  • Plantar pressure
  • Standing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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