Foreign body entrapment in the esophagus of healthy subjects-A manometric and scintigraphic study

Hubert J. Stein, Werner Schwizer, Tom R. DeMeester, Mario Albertucci, Luigi Bonavina, Kelly J. Spires-Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Foreign body entrapment and mucosal injury caused by oral medications are increasingly reported to occur in the upper esophagus in apparently normal subjects. We performed esophageal manometry in 40 normal volunteers to determine whether a unique motility pattern in the upper third of the esophagus predisposes to entrapment of foreign bodies at this site; 18 normal volunteers also had transit scintigraphy of a gelatine capsule filled with a radionuclide. The esophageal body was divided into five consecutive segments starting proximally, with each segment corresponding to 20% of the total length. Amplitude, slope, and velocity of the esophageal contraction were markedly decreased in the second segment compared with the other segments. Entrapment and dissolution of a gelatine capsule occurred in 39% of volunteers in the proximal eosphagus correlating to the second segment, i.e., the segment with the lowest amplitude, slope, and velocity of esophageal contractions. The observation that wet swallows have greater amplitudes (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-225
Number of pages6
JournalDysphagia
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1992

Keywords

  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition disorders
  • Esophagus
  • Foreign body entrapment
  • Manometry
  • Transit scintigraphy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Gastroenterology

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