Formation of membrane-defined compartments by tick-borne encephalitis virus contributes to the early delay in interferon signaling

Lisa Miorin, Amelina Albornoz, Marycelin M. Baba, Pierlanfranco D'Agaro, Alessandro Marcello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Interferons are key mediators of the innate antiviral response of the cell against viral infections. Viruses on the other hand have evolved various strategies to delay innate immunity in order to establish a productive infection. In this work we analyzed the pathway of interferon induction by the tick-borne encephalitis virus. We initially observed a consistent delay of interferon induction following virus replication. RIG-I, but not MDA5, and nuclear translocation of IRF3 were eventually required for interferon activation pointing to a defect in pattern recognition receptor's signaling. However, viral proteins could not directly inhibit the pathway suggesting an indirect mechanism. We found that dsRNA replication intermediates and replicated viral RNA localized to membrane-defined perinuclear compartments that resisted RNAse treatment. Thus, initial escape from innate immunity involved the formation of replication vesicles that may function as a barrier to pattern recognition receptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)660-666
Number of pages7
JournalVirus Research
Volume163
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012

Keywords

  • DsRNA
  • Flavivirus
  • Innate immunity
  • Interferon
  • IRF3
  • RIG-I
  • TBEV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Cancer Research

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