Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) is caused by mutations of genes encoding for proteins of the mismatch repair (MMR) machinery. The majority of mutations occur in the MLH1 and MSH2 genes, and consist of splice-site, frameshift and nonsense changes, leading to loss of protein function. In this study, we screened 7 HNPCC families for MLH1/MSH2 mutations. Sequence changes were identified in 5 families. Four alterations were novel 1- or 2-bp deletions or insertions causing a frameshift and appearance of premature stop codons (MLH1: c.597-598delGA, c.1520-1521insT; MSH2: c.1444delA, c.119delG). The four small insertions/ deletions were located within stretches of simple repeated sequences. By reviewing the HNPCC mutation database, we found that the majority of 1-2 bp frameshift mutations similarly affects simple repetitive stretches, pointing to DNA polymerase slippage during replication as the most likely source of such errors. We also evaluated microsatellite instability (MSI) in a breast carcinoma (BC) from an MLH1 mutation carrier. While a colon cancer from the same individual showed MSI, the BC specimen was MSI-negative, indicating that development of the latter tumor was unrelated to MMR impairment, despite presence of a constitutional MLH1 mutation. Hum Mutat 17:521, 2001.
|Number of pages||1|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas