Four-year cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) follow-up of patients treated with percutaneous pulmonary valve stent implantation

Francesco Secchi, Elda Chiara Resta, Paola Maria Cannaò, Silvia Tresoldi, Gianfranco Butera, Mario Carminati, Francesco Sardanelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate follow-up after percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation (PPVI). Methods: Forty patients with pulmonary conduit dysfunction (males/females 24/16; 21 ± 08 years; 12 tetralogy of Fallot, 11 aortic valve disease, 17 other congenital heart disease) were planned for CMR before PPVI and repeated 7 times up to 48 months. CMR prospective results regarded: pressure gradient (PG) and regurgitation fraction (RF); end-diastolic volume, end-systolic volume, and stroke volume indexed to body surface area (EDVI, ESVI, and SVI); ejection fraction (EF) of right and left ventricles (RV, LV). A Friedman test was used for comparisons. Results: Overall, PG (31 ± 06 to 16 ± 4 mmHg), RF (16 ± 17 to 0.3 ± 1 %), RVEDVI (82 ± 38 to 58 ± 12 ml/m2), and RVESVI (44 ± 12 to 30 ± 13 ml/m2) declined (p <0.001), RVEF (49 ± 13 to 58 ± 12 %) and RVSVI (from 38 ± 14 to 40 ± 8 ml/m2) increased (p <0.001), LVEDVI (67 ± 17 to 73 ± 18 ml/m2) and LVSVI (37 ± 11 to 43 ± 10 ml/m2) increased (p = 0.034 and p <0.001). Two patients had valve fracture at 24 and 36 months and underwent surgery. One patient had stent restenosis at 24 months and underwent percutaneous retreatment. Baseline/follow-up CMR did not predict PPVI failure. Conclusions: CMR demonstrated restored pulmonary conduit function, reduced RV volumes and increased RV and LV function but did not predict valve fracture/restenosis. Key points: • A CMR 4-year follow-up after PPVI showed restored pulmonary conduit function • RV volumes were significantly reduced • RV function was significantly better in terms of increased EF and SVI • LV function was significantly better in terms of increased EDVI and SVI • Baseline/follow-up CMR did not predict three cases of PPVI failure

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3606-3613
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume25
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiac magnetic resonance
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation
  • Pulmonary conduit
  • Right and left ventricles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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