Fracture properties of an acrylic bone cement

E. Bialoblocka-Juszczyk, Massimiliano Baleani, L. Cristofolini, M. Viceconti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study investigated experimentally the fracture properties, i.e., the fatigue strength, the resistance to crack propagation and the fracture toughness, of an acrylic bone cement (Cemex® RX). The mean endurance limit was determined following the staircase method. The endurance limit was estimated at 9.2 MPa. The fatigue crack propagation rate was measured according to the ASTM E647 standard. The equation of the line fitting the crack growth per cycle (da/dN) versus the stress-intensity factor range (ΔK), in a log-log graph, was used to calculate the empirical constants of Paris' law for the selected bone cement: da/dN (m/cycle) = 3.56·10-7·ΔK (MPa·m1/2)5.79. This power-law relationship described well (R2 = 0.96) the growth rate in the stable crack growth region, i.e., in the mid ΔK range. The fracture toughness KIC of the bone cement was determined according to the ASTM E399 standard. The KIC mean value was 1.38 MPa·m1/2. These experimental results provide the set of necessary inputs for numerical studies aimed to investigate the damage accumulation process in the mantle fixing cemented prostheses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-26
Number of pages6
JournalActa of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • Biomaterials
  • Cement
  • Fatigue
  • Fracture properties
  • Fracture toughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Bioengineering

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