Ninety-one children who had been treated for fractures of the proximal humerus (59 metaphyseal fractures; 32 epiphyseal fractures) from 1980 to 1992 at an average age of 10.7 years (range 3 to 14 years) were reviewed. In 82 cases a nonsurgical treatment (Desault bandage in 11 cases, hanging cast in nine cases, closed reduction and shoulder spica cast in 62 cases) was performed. At a mean time of 7.2 months (range 1 to 156 months), 96% of patients showed good/excellent clinical results. In 15 cases, radiographs were reviewed at a mean follow-up of 8 years (range 1 to 23.5 years): just a slight metaphyseal or meta-diaphyseal varus deformity was found in three cases. In nine cases surgery was required. Patients were reviewed by clinical examination at a mean time of 34.8 months (1-150 months), and in six cases radiographs were reviewed at a mean time of 5 years and 5 months (range 1 to 12.5 years) after surgery. In one case, a septic process occurred, that caused a severe deformity of the epiphysis and a noticeable functional deficit. Good/excellent clinical and radiographic results were achieved in the other patients. Conservative treatment of fractures of the proximal humerus in children is recommended. Surgery should be reserved for specific cases.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||La Chirurgia degli organi di movimento|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2008|
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