Free nipple graft technique to correct nipple and areola malposition after breast procedures

Mario Rietjens, Francesca De Lorenzi, Manconi Andrea, Prakasit Chirappapha, Stefano Martella, Benedetta Barbieri, Alessandra Gottardi, Lomeo Giuseppe, Alaa Hamza, Jean Yves Petit, Visnu Lohsiriwat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Secondary correction of nipple areola complex (NAC) malposition represents a major concern after breast reconstructive procedures. It is frequently requested by patients complaining about asymmetric areolas impairing the whole reconstructive procedure and asking for improved cosmetic outcomes. Several methods have been described to achieve a good symmetry between the 2 areolas, either natural or reconstructed. We describe our correction technique with free NAC graft. A total of 16 patients were treated with free NAC grafts between April 2010 and April 2013 at the European Institute of Oncology, Milan, Italy. This series focused on the surgical technique and its postoperative outcomes. Three cases of partial graft loss (18%) were observed in the postoperative period. No total NAC necrosis occurred. No infection was observed. All the complications were managed with a conservative treatment, not requiring any further surgery. NAC malposition following breast reconstructive procedures can be corrected using the technique of free NAC graft with reliable and satisfactory results.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially. American Society of Plastic Surgeons.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Nov 14 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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