From Bare to Covered: 15-year single center experience and follow-up in trans-catheter stent implantation for aortic coarctation

Gianfranco Butera, João Luiz Langer Manica, Davide Marini, Luciane Piazza, Massimo Chessa, Raul Ivo Rossi Filho, Rogério E. Sarmento Leite, Mario Carminati

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Background Bare stents has become the first line therapy for aortic coarctation. Covered stents has been reported more recently in clinical practice. Objectives The present study, reports comparatively 15-year experience of bare and covered stent implantation for aortic coarctation in a single tertiary referral center. Methods From 1997 to 2011, 143 patients with native or postoperative aortic coarctation were treated at our institution. Seventy-one subjects (median age 17 years (range from 4 to 70 years) underwent bare stent implantation (Group 1) while 72 patients (median age of 17.5 years (range from 6 to 68 years) underwent covered stent implantation (Group 2). Results Success rate in the whole group was 95%. More complex and tighter coarctations were treated using covered stents. Incidence of related-procedure adverse events was higher in Group 1 than in group 2 (21.1% vs 8.3% P=0.035). Aortic wall complications occurred in 7% of patients in Group 1 (one death) and 0% in Group 2 (P=0.028). Subjects in Group 1 had a longer follow-up (median 85 vs 35 months; P10 mm Hg (HR: 4.30; CI: 1.96-9.47). Conclusions Both bare and covered stent implantation for aortic coarctation is a safe and efficacious treatment. By using covered stent implantation the spectrum of patients treated has increased with lower rates of acute and late complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)953-963
Number of pages11
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2014



  • aortic coarctation
  • stent
  • transcatheter
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this