From coins to cancer therapy: Gold, silver and copper complexes targeting human topoisomerases

Jessica Ceramella, Annaluisa Mariconda, Domenico Iacopetta, Carmela Saturnino, Alexia Barbarossa, Anna Caruso, Camillo Rosano, Maria Stefania Sinicropi, Pasquale Longo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Cancer is a complex issue and, even though the prevention basics and therapy have been implemented, it is still the second leading death cause worldwide. With the hope to discover new powerful and safer molecules to fight cancer, many researchers focused their attention on metal-based compounds, starting from the most famous and successfully employed anticancer drug, i.e. cisplatin. The current article aims to report the most recent discoveries about the use of gold, silver and copper complexes as antitumor agents, highlighting their influences on important enzymes, namely human topoisomerases. The latter are fundamental for the cell life and, if overexpressed, strongly implicated in cancer onset and progression. The identification of lead complexes targeting human topoisomerases and gifted with the appropriate chemical and pharmacological properties represents a fecund starting point to obtain new and more effective anticancer molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126905
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2020

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Keywords

  • Cancer therapy
  • Human topoisomerases
  • Metal complexes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Ceramella, J., Mariconda, A., Iacopetta, D., Saturnino, C., Barbarossa, A., Caruso, A., Rosano, C., Sinicropi, M. S., & Longo, P. (2020). From coins to cancer therapy: Gold, silver and copper complexes targeting human topoisomerases. Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 30(3), [126905]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2019.126905