From congenital to idiopathic adult hydrocephalus: A historical research

Paolo Missori, Sergio Paolini, Antonio Curr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Reports of idiopathic adult hydrocephalus prior to the 1965 description of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus by Salomón Hakim and Raymond Adams are lacking in the literature. Congenital paediatric and congenital adult hydrocephalus were considered to trace the early descriptions of idiopathic adult hydrocephalus. Through traditional or digital libraries and internet search engines, the historical sources dealing with idiopathic adult hydrocephalus were explored. The research shows that many distinguished physicians through the centuries have contributed to the discovery of idiopathic adult hydrocephalus. Early descriptions of the disorder were related to autopsy studies in the 18th and 19th centuries. From the second half of the 1800s, idiopathic adult hydrocephalus appeared to have been forgotten in the medical literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1836-1849
Number of pages14
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010


  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Clinical neurology
  • Dementia
  • History
  • Hydrocephalus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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