From Individual To Social Trauma: Sources Of Everyday Trauma In Italy, The US And UK During The Covid-19 Pandemic

M. Masiero, K. Mazzocco, C. Harnois, M. Cropley, G. Pravettoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The heterogeneity of COVID-19 experience and response for each individual is irrefutable; nevertheless, similarities can be observed between countries with respect to people’s psychological responses. The main aim of this Commentary is to provide a cultural perspective of the sources of trauma, at the individual and social level, in three different countries: Italy, US and UK. The evidence from previous outbreaks, such as SARS, H1N1 flu, Ebola, and the ongoing Italian, the US, and the UK experience of COVID-19 shows that COVID-19 has introduced not only an individual trauma but also a collective trauma, that researchers should attend to now and in future global emergencies. Future clinical interventions should aim to reconnect dissociated parts both in the individual and in society. This commentary discusses four potential sources of trauma: high-stakes decision fatigue in healthcare professionals, traumatic grief, and bereavement in people who have lost loved ones, loss of roles and identity, and social divisions related to economic shutdown.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Trauma and Dissociation
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Decision fatigue
  • moral injury
  • personality
  • trauma
  • vicarious traumatization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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